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Effects of word position on the acoustic realization of Vietnamese final consonants

Abstract : A variety of studies have shown differences between phonetic features of consonants according to their prosodic and/or syllable (onset vs. coda) positions. However, differences are not always found, and interactions between the various factors involved are complex and not well understood. Our study compares acoustical characteristics of coda consonants in Vietnamese taking into account their position within words. Traditionally described as monosyllabic, Vietnamese is partially polysyllabic at the lexical level. In this language, tautosyllabic consonant sequences are prohibited, and adjacent consonants are only found at syllable boundaries either within polysyllabic words (CVC.CVC) or across monosyllabic words (CVC#CVC). This study is designed to examine whether or not syllable boundary types (interword vs. intraword) have an effect on the acoustic realization of codas. The results show significant acoustic differences in consonant realizations according to syllable boundary type, suggesting different coarticulation patterns between nuclei and codas. In addition, as Vietnamese voiceless stops are generally unreleased in coda position, with no burst to carry consonantal information, our results show that a vowel's second half contains acoustic cues which are available to aid in the discrimination of place of articulation of the vowel's following consonant.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01661150
Contributor : Thi Thuy Hien Tran <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 11, 2017 - 5:20:30 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:51:38 AM

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Thi Thuy Hien Tran, Nathalie Vallée, Lionel Granjon. Effects of word position on the acoustic realization of Vietnamese final consonants. Phonetica, Karger, 2019, 76 (1), ⟨10.1159/000485103⟩. ⟨hal-01661150⟩

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