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Leveraging the accelerated processing units for seismic imaging: A performance and power efficiency comparison against CPUs and GPUs

Abstract : Oil and gas companies rely on high performance computing to process seismic imaging algorithms such as reverse time migration. Graphics processing units are used to accelerate reverse time migration, but these deployments suffer from limitations such as the lack of high graphics processing unit memory capacity, frequent CPU-GPU communications that may be bottlenecked by the PCI bus transfer rate, and high power consumptions. Recently, AMD has launched the Accelerated Processing Unit (APU): a processor that merges a CPU and a graphics processing unit on the same die featuring a unified CPU-GPU memory. In this paper, we explore how efficiently may the APU be applicable to reverse time migration. Using OpenCL (along with MPI and OpenMP), a CPU/APU/GPU comparative study is conducted on a single node for the 3D acoustic reverse time migration, and then extended on up to 16 nodes. We show the relevance of overlapping the I/O and MPI communications with the computations for the APU and graphics processing unit clusters, that performance results of APUs range between those of CPUs and those of graphics processing units, and that the APU power efficiency is greater than or equal to the graphics processing unit one.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01656841
Contributor : Pierre Fortin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 6, 2017 - 10:10:54 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 3:56:34 AM

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Issam Said, Pierre Fortin, Jean-Luc Lamotte, Henri Calandra. Leveraging the accelerated processing units for seismic imaging: A performance and power efficiency comparison against CPUs and GPUs. International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, SAGE Publications, 2018, 32 (6), pp.819-837. ⟨10.1177/1094342017696562⟩. ⟨hal-01656841⟩

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