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The effect of out-of-plane motion on 2D and 3D digital image correlation measurements

Abstract : The effect of out-of-plane motion (including out-of-plane translation and rotation) on two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) digital image correlation measurements is demonstrated using basic theoretical pinhole image equations and experimentally through synchronized, multi-system measurements. Full-field results obtained during rigid body, out-of-plane motion using a single-camera vision system with (a-1) a standard f55mm Nikon lens and (a-2) a single Schneider-Kreuznach Xenoplan telecentric lens are compared with data obtained using a two-camera stereovision system with standard f55mm Nikon lenses. Results confirm that the theoretical equations are in excellent agreement with experimental measurements. Specifically, results show that (a) a single-camera, 2D imaging system is sensitive to out-of-plane motion, with in-plane strain errors (a-1) due to out-of-plane translation being proportional to Delta Z/Z, where Z is the distance from the object to the pin hole and Delta Z the out-of-plane translation displacement, and (a-2) due to out-of-plane rotation are shown to be a function of both rotation angle and the image distance Z; (b) the telecentric lens has an effective object distance, Z(eff), that is 50 x larger than the 55 mm standard lens, with a corresponding reduction in strain errors from 1250 mu s/mm of outof-plane motion to 25 mu s/mm; and (c) a stereovision system measures all components of displacement without introducing measurable, full-field, strain errors, even though an object may undergo appreciable out-of-plane translation and rotation.
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M. A. Sutton, J. H. Yan, V. Tiwari, H. W. Schreier, Jean-José Orteu. The effect of out-of-plane motion on 2D and 3D digital image correlation measurements. Optics and Lasers in Engineering, Elsevier, 2008, 46 (10), pp.746-757. ⟨10.1016/j.optlaseng.2008.05.005⟩. ⟨hal-01644893⟩

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