A self-standing hydrogel neutral electrolyte for high voltage and safe flexible supercapacitors

Abstract : The development of safe flexible supercapacitors implies the use of new non-liquid electrolytes for avoiding device leakage which combine mechanical properties and electrochemical performance. In this sense, hydrogel electrolytes composed of a solid non-conductive matrix holding an aqueous electrolytic phase are a reliable solution. In this work, we propose a green physical route for producing self-standing hydrogel films from a PVA polymer based on the freezing/thawing method without using chemical cross-linking agents. Moreover, a neutral electrolytic phase as Na2SO4 is used for reaching higher cell voltages than in an acidic or basic electrolyte. Such new PVA-Na2SO4 hydrogel electrolyte, which also acts as separator, allows reaching voltages windows as high as 1.8 V in a symmetric carbon/carbon supercapacitor with optimal capacitance retention through thousands of cycles. Additionally, in reason of the fast mobility of the ions inside of the polymeric matrix, the hydrogel electrolyte based supercapacitor keeps the power density of the liquid electrolyte device.
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N. Batisse, E. Raymundo-Pinero. A self-standing hydrogel neutral electrolyte for high voltage and safe flexible supercapacitors. Journal of Power Sources, Elsevier, 2017, 348, pp.168 - 174. ⟨10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.03.005⟩. ⟨hal-01639189⟩



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