L'apport des sources écrites à la connaissance des ateliers de production de terres cuites poitevins (XIVe-XVIIIe siècles)

Abstract : The contribution of written sources to the knowledge of the ceramic production workshops in Poitou (15th to 18th century). Poitou is an area which has a troubled history and the consequence is the disappearance of many collections of files. It is obvious that the craft industry of the terracotta does not possess unusual documents. It will be possible, however, due to direct and indirect sources to clarify the various aspects of the workshop, the craftsmen and their way of life.Emphasis has been laid on the various aspects of the operational chain, from the extraction of raw material to its firing, and also on the site of the workshops. Each stage is illustrated mainly by inventories after death, official reports of visit, the legal documents and farming leases. The material perception of the centres of production is not the easiest: the difficulty comes from the interpretation of a vague vocabulary.It will be possible, however, to spot the tools used by the craftsmen, the description of workshop, its fittings, and the overlap betweenthe domestic and artisan activities. Some of these approaches also allow us to compare the life of the simple peasants to that of the craftsmen.
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Alain Champagne. L'apport des sources écrites à la connaissance des ateliers de production de terres cuites poitevins (XIVe-XVIIIe siècles). Publications du CRAHM, Caen, 2011, A propo[t]s de l'usage, de la production et de la circulation des terres cuites dans l'Europe du Nord-Ouest (XIVe-XVIe s.), pp.155-166. ⟨hal-01637338⟩

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