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Solution structure of APETx2, a specific peptide inhibitor of ASIC3 proton-gated channels

Abstract : Acid-sensing ion channels (ASIC) are proton-gated sodium channels that have been implicated in pain transduction associated with acidosis in inflamed or ischemic tissues. APETx2, a peptide toxin effector of ASIC3, has been purified from an extract of the sea anemone Anthopleura elegantissima. APETx2 is a 42-amino-acid peptide cross-linked by three disulfide bridges. Its three-dimensional structure, as determined by conventional two-dimensional 1 H-NMR, consists of a compact disulfide-bonded core composed of a four-stranded b-sheet. It belongs to the disulfide-rich all-b structural family encompassing peptide toxins commonly found in animal venoms. The structural characteristics of APETx2 are compared with that of PcTx1, another effector of ASIC channels but specific to the ASIC1a subtype and to APETx1, a toxin structurally related to APETx2, which targets the HERG potassium channel. Structural comparisons, coupled with the analysis of the electrostatic characteristics of these various ion channel effectors, led us to suggest a putative channel interaction surface for APETx2, encompassing its N terminus together with the type I-b turn connecting b-strands III and IV. This basic surface (R31 and R17) is also rich in aromatic residues (Y16, F15, Y32, and F33). An additional region made of the type II 0-b turn connecting b-strands I and II could also play a role in the specificity observed for these different ion effectors.
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Benjamin Chagot, Pierre Escoubas, Sylvie Diochot, Cedric Bernard, Michel Lazdunski, et al.. Solution structure of APETx2, a specific peptide inhibitor of ASIC3 proton-gated channels. Protein Science, Wiley, 2005, 14 (8), pp.2003-2010. ⟨10.1110/ps.051378905⟩. ⟨hal-01636767⟩



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