Enhancement of the magnetoelectric effect in multiferroic CoFe2O4/PZT bilayer by induced uniaxial magnetic anisotropy

Alex Aubert 1 Vincent Loyau 1 Frédéric Mazaleyrat 1 Martino Lobue 1
1 SATIE-MME - Matériaux Magnétiques pour l'Energie
CSEE - Composants et Systèmes pour l'Energie Electrique
Abstract : In this paper, we have compared magnetic, magnetostrictive, and piezomagnetic properties of isotropic and anisotropic cobalt ferrite pellets. The isotropic sample was prepared by the ceramic method while the sample exhibiting uniaxial anisotropy was made by reactive sintering using spark plasma sintering (SPS). This technique permits us to induce a magnetic anisotropy in cobalt ferrite in the direction of the applied pressure during the SPS process. Sample with uniaxial anisotropy revealed a higher longitudinal magnetostriction and piezomagnetism compared with the isotropic sample, but the transversal magnetostriction and piezomagnetism were dramatically reduced. In the case of magnetoelectric (ME) layered composite, the ME coefficient is directly related to the sum of the longitudinal and transversal piezomagnetic coefficients. These two coefficients being opposite in sign, the use of material exhibiting high longitudinal and low transversal piezomagnetic coefficient (or vice versa) in ME devices is expected to improve the ME effect. Hence, ME bilayer devices were made using isotropic and anisotropic cobalt ferrite stuck with a lead zirconate titanate layer. ME measurements at low frequencies revealed that bilayer with anisotropic cobalt ferrite exhibits an ME coefficient three times higher than a bilayer with isotropic cobalt ferrite. We also investigated the behavior of such composites when excited at resonant frequency.
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Alex Aubert, Vincent Loyau, Frédéric Mazaleyrat, Martino Lobue. Enhancement of the magnetoelectric effect in multiferroic CoFe2O4/PZT bilayer by induced uniaxial magnetic anisotropy. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017, 53 (11), pp.1-5. ⟨10.1109/TMAG.2017.2696162⟩. ⟨hal-01636268⟩



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