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Hydroxyapatite gel for the improved removal of Pb2+ ions from aqueous solution

Abstract : Hydroxyapatite (Ca-10(PO4)(6)(OH)(2), Ca-HA) is a versatile material which can be used in several applications. This study investigated the reactivity of Ca-HA, obtained directly by the one-step synthesis from calcium carbonate and orthophosphoric acid as low-cost initial reactants, in the removal of lead(II) as a model heavy metal. The sorption capacity of synthesized Ca-HA reached at least 750 mg g(-1), which was much higher than that reported in the literature. This was explained by the favorable effect of the carbonate anion presence in the apatitic structure. Classical stoichiometric lead hydroxyapatite was formed, which was found on the surface of Ca-HA particles. Small amounts of lead oxide were also detected, possibly due to a surface precipitation reaction of lead(II). The crystalline structure of the initial Ca-HA material was destroyed, in relation with the acidic conditions during the sorption experiment, as well as the insertion of lead(II) into this structure. Ionic exchange, surface complexation and dissolution-precipitation all occur and explain lead(II) fixation. The results obtained open a new pathway for the synthesis of low-cost Ca-HA sorbents for environmental purposes.
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Submitted on : Saturday, October 20, 2018 - 10:13:22 PM
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Doan Pham Minh, Ngoc Dung Tran, Ange Nzihou, Patrick Sharrock. Hydroxyapatite gel for the improved removal of Pb2+ ions from aqueous solution. Chemical Engineering Journal, Elsevier, 2013, 232, p.128-138. ⟨10.1016/j.cej.2013.07.086⟩. ⟨hal-01632393⟩

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