Identification and quantification of domoic acid by UHPLC/QTOF tandem mass spectrometry, with simultaneous identification of non-target photodegradation products

Abstract : Amnesic shellfish poisoning is a potentially lethal human toxic syndrome which is caused by domoic acid (DA), a neurotoxin produced by marine phytoplankton, principally from Pseudonitzschia genus. In this report, a method to identify and quantify the DA toxin, with simultaneous identification of its photodegradation products, has been developed. It uses an ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled to a quadrupole-time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometer (UHPLC–QTOF) after solid-phase extraction (SPE). An unambiguous identification of DA was carried out by considering both the retention time of DA in UHPLC and the exact mass of protonated DA molecule ([M + H] + = 312.1447 m/z) and of the most intense fragment ion (m/z 266.1391). The quantification was conducted using protonated DA molecule with protonated Glafenin as internal standard, obtaining a limits of detection of 0.75 µg L −1. Large screening with UHPLC–QTOF could also give structural information about degradation products of DA present in samples after UV-irradiation. This method was applied for the determination of DA in complex liquid samples after SPE and is applicable for environmental monitoring of this toxic substance in the aquatic environment. ARTICLE HISTORY
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Anne-Laure Gagez, Antoine Bonnet, Philippe Pineau, Marianne Graber. Identification and quantification of domoic acid by UHPLC/QTOF tandem mass spectrometry, with simultaneous identification of non-target photodegradation products. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, Taylor & Francis, 2017, pp.1 - 14. ⟨10.1080/03067319.2017.1393538⟩. ⟨hal-01630105⟩

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