La longue genèse de la citoyenneté dans le second Empire colonial 1798-1898

Abstract : At the peak of the second colonial Empire, citizenship there has three essential characteristics: it is fragmented by diverse forms of hierarchisation of the electorate ; it is reserved solely for nationals of the colonial Empire, the French and natives within a differentiated conception of nationality ; it is marked by the idea of civilisation. This situation came about in several stages: in 1978, specific citizenship is devised to civilise the newly freed; between 1848 and 1870, in Algeria there is some experimentation with local citizenship for the French, foreigners and natives, but this was abandoned; between 1870 and 1898, local citizenship is devised, expanded to include national elections for the natives of French India, whilst with the Algerian financial delegations, the “representation of interests” is accompanied by French citizenship without the right to participate in local elections.
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Yerri Urban. La longue genèse de la citoyenneté dans le second Empire colonial 1798-1898. La Révolution française - Cahiers de l’Institut d’histoire de la Révolution française, Institut d'Histoire de la Révolution française, 2015, Citoyenneté, république, démocratie dans la France de la Révolution, ⟨10.4000/lrf.1460⟩. ⟨hal-01629725⟩

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