Serum-Mediated Oxidative Stress from Systemic Sclerosis Patients Affects Mesenchymal Stem Cell Function

Abstract : Objectives: Properties of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) from systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients have been reported to be altered. MSC-based therapy may therefore rely on the use of allogeneic MSCs from healthy subjects. Here, we investigated whether heterologous MSCs could exhibit altered properties following exposure to oxidative environment of SSc sera. Methods: Human bone marrow-derived MSCs were cultured in the presence of various sera: control human serum AB (SAB), SAB with HOCl-induced AOPPs at 400 or 1,000 µmol/L (SAB400 or SAB1000, respectively), or H2O2-induced AOPPs or SSc patient serum (PS). Proliferation, apoptosis, and senescence rates of MSCs were evaluated after 3, 6, and 10 days in culture. Reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide production were quantified at 24 h. Trilineage potential of differentiation was tested after 21 days in specific culture conditions and immunosuppressive function measured in a T lymphocyte proliferative assay. Results: In the presence of oxidative environment of PS, MSCs retained their proliferative potential and survived for at least the first 3 days of exposure, while the number of senescent MSCs increased at day 6 and apoptosis rate at day 10. Exposure to PS enhanced the antioxidant capacity of MSCs, notably the expression of SOD2 antioxidant gene. By contrast, the osteoblastic/adipogenic potential of MSCs was increased, whereas their immunosuppressive function was slightly reduced. Discussion: Although some functional properties of MSCs were affected upon culture with PS, evidence from preclinical studies and the present one suggested that MSCs can adapt to the oxidative environment and exert their therapeutic effect.
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Guillaume Fonteneau, Claire Bony, Radjiv Goulabchand, Alexandre T. J. Maria, Alain Le Quellec, et al.. Serum-Mediated Oxidative Stress from Systemic Sclerosis Patients Affects Mesenchymal Stem Cell Function. Frontiers in Immunology, Frontiers, 2017, 8 (7), pp.988. ⟨10.3389/fimmu.2017.00988⟩. ⟨hal-01623926⟩

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