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Two Plane-Probing Algorithms for the Computation of the Normal Vector to a Digital Plane

Abstract : Digital planes are sets of integer points located between two parallel planes. We present a new algorithm that computes the normal vector of a digital plane given only a predicate " is a point x in the digital plane or not ". In opposition to classical recognition algorithm, this algorithm decides on-the-fly which points to test in order to output at the end the exact surface characteristics of the plane. We present two variants: the H-algorithm, which is purely local, and the R-algorithm which probes further along rays coming out from the local neighborhood tested by the H-algorithm. Both algorithms are shown to output the correct normal to the digital planes if the starting point is a lower leaning point. The worst-case time complexity is in O(ω) for the H-algorithm and O(ω log ω) for the R-algorithm, where ω is the arithmetic thickness of the digital plane. In practice, the H-algorithm often outputs a reduced basis of the digital plane while the R-algorithm always returns a reduced basis. Both variants perform much better than the theoretical bound, with an average behavior close to O(log ω). Finally we show how this algorithm can be used to analyze the geometry of arbitrary digital surfaces, by computing normals and identifying convex, concave or saddle parts of the surface. This paper is an extension of [16].
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Submitted on : Monday, October 23, 2017 - 3:44:37 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 30, 2022 - 11:34:16 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, January 24, 2018 - 11:14:36 PM

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Jacques-Olivier Lachaud, Xavier Provençal, Tristan Roussillon. Two Plane-Probing Algorithms for the Computation of the Normal Vector to a Digital Plane. Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision, 2017, 59 (1), pp.23 - 39. ⟨10.1007/s10851-017-0704-x⟩. ⟨hal-01621516⟩

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