In situ delta ferrite estimation and their effects on FCPR at different orientations of multipass shielded metal arc welded SS304L

Abstract : Solidification and re-solidification with subsequent phase transformation in different welding zones of multipass weldment play a vital role to define mechanical properties of joint structures. To avoid from penetration defects and inclusion contamination in molten metal pool, multipass shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) of SS304L is performed in this research using E308L filler metal. The objective of this research is to investigate out the multiple welding passes effects on microstructural evolution, in situ delta ferrite percentage and different mechanical properties. A metallurgical microscope is used to examine the delta ferrite phase in austenite. Instead of depending on general ferrite number (FN) obtained through rigorous physical attempts, a MATLAB code for image processing is developed to estimate the local percentage of delta ferrite, within the austenitic phase. To reveal delta ferrite effects, its local percentage is discussed in relation to various properties. With the help of this technique, a good estimation is also made to detect the localized delta ferrite morphologies. The fusion zone (FZ) solidified in ferritic-austenitic mode (FA mode) comprises two basic delta ferrite morphologies; lacy and vermicular. Grain growth behavior and ferritic percentage of base metal (BM), heat affected zone (HAZ) and fusion zone (FZ) are discussed in single, double and triple pass weldments. Effects of delta ferrite percentage and morphology on fatigue crack initiation as well propagation are also investigated in different zones of each pass weldment. Fatigue crack propagation rate (FCPR) in different orientation with respect to welding zones is checked and it is noticed that propagation rate is much lower in perpendicular direction as compared to parallel one. Due to specific microstructural pattern, HAZ has greater fatigue crack propagation rate (FCPR) in comparison to BM and FZ. Fatigue crack propagation found highest resistant in triple pass weldment due to high concentration of lacy ferrites. However, in some cases it is found that crack mechanics is actually responsible instead of microstructural effects. (C) 2016 The Society of Manufacturing Engineers. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Mudaser Ullah, Chuan Song Wu, Masood Shah. In situ delta ferrite estimation and their effects on FCPR at different orientations of multipass shielded metal arc welded SS304L. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, Society of Manufacturing Engineers, 2016, 21, p. 107-123. ⟨⟩. ⟨10.1016/j.jmapro.2015.12.005⟩. ⟨hal-01620290⟩



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