Forecasting Mortality Rate Improvements with a High-Dimensional VAR

Abstract : Forecasting mortality rates is a problem which involves the analysis of high-dimensional time series, especially in multi-populations modeling. Most of usual mortality models propose to decompose the mortality rates into several latent factors to reduce this complexity. These approaches, in particular those using cohort factors, have a good fit, but they are less reliable for forecasting purposes. One of the major challenges is to determine the spatial-temporal dependence structure between mortality rates given a relatively moderate sample size. This paper proposes a large vector autoregressive (VAR) model fitted on the diferences in the log-mortality rates, ensuring the existence of long-run relationships between mortality rate improvements. Our contribution is threefold. First, sparsity, when fitting the model, is ensured by using high-dimensional variable selection techniques without imposing arbitrary constraints on the dependence structure. The main interest is that the structure of the model is directly driven by the data, in contrast to the main mortality forecasting models. Hence, this approach is more versatile and would provide good forecasting performance for any considered population. Additionally, our estimation allows a one-step procedure, as we do not need to estimate hyperparameters. The variance-covariance matrix of residuals is then estimated through a parametric form. Secondly, our approach can be used to detect nonintuitive age dependence in the data, beyond the cohort effect which is captured by our model. Third, our approach is natural to model the several populations in long run perspectives. Finally, in an out-of-sample forecasting study for mortality rates, we obtain rather good performances and more relevant forecasts compared to classical mortality models using the French, US and UK data. We also show that our results enlighten the so-called cohort effect for these populations.
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Pré-publication, Document de travail
2017
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  • HAL Id : hal-01613050, version 1

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Quentin Guibert, Olivier Lopez, Pierrick Piette. Forecasting Mortality Rate Improvements with a High-Dimensional VAR. 2017. 〈hal-01613050〉

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