Investigation of air-assisted sprays submitted to high frequency transverse acoustic fields: Droplet clustering

Abstract : An experimental investigation of the effects of a high amplitude transverse acoustic field on coaxial jets is presented in this paper. Water and air are used as working fluids at ambient pressure. The coaxial injectors are placed on the top of a semi-open resonant cavity where the acoustic pressure fluctuations of the standing wave can reach a maximum peak-to-peak amplitude of 12 kPa at the forcing frequency of 1 kHz. Several test conditions are considered in order to quantify the influence of injection conditions, acoustic field amplitude, and injector position with respect to the standing wave acoustic field. A high speed back-light visualization technique is used to characterize the jet response. Image processing is used to obtain valuable information about the jet behavior. It is shown that the acoustic field drastically affects the atomization process for all atomization regimes. The position of the injector in the acoustic field determines the jet response, and a droplet-clustering phenomenon is highlighted in multi-point injection conditions and quantified by determining discrete droplet location distributions. A theoretical model based on nonlinear acoustics related to the spatial distribution of the radiation pressure exerted on an object explains the behavior observed. Published by AIP Publishing.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 5, 2017 - 3:35:16 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 5:30:38 PM

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A. Ficuciello, J. B. Blaisot, C. Richard, F. Baillot. Investigation of air-assisted sprays submitted to high frequency transverse acoustic fields: Droplet clustering. Physics of Fluids, American Institute of Physics, 2017, 29 (6), pp.067103. ⟨10.1063/1.4985202⟩. ⟨hal-01611183⟩

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