Merit and Equality in Higher Education Access

Abstract : In a democracy, all individuals are considered equal and access to education should not depend on inherited privileges. This global and longstanding trend from a priority given to inherited merit to the issue of fairness in admission process (Clancy and Goastellec 2007) is rooted into the emergence of post-industrial societies. The idea that educational opportunities and social positions should be considered along with one’s individual merit (Bell 1972) has been strongly institutionalized in modern society (Sennett 2002). Access to higher education has profoundly changed, whereas higher education systems have grown everywhere and even become universal in most Western countries, with more than 50 % of an age group reaching this level of studies (Trow 1974). Access has become increasingly more competitive and yet a given for many young people, even a kind of new social right in the Scandinavian countries (Aamodt...
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Shin, Jung Cheol; Teixeira, Pedro (eds.). Encyclopedia of International Higher Education Systems and Institutions, Springer Netherlands, pp.1-6, 2017, 978-94-017-9553-1. 〈10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_427-1〉
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01610462
Contributeur : Karine Jenart <>
Soumis le : mercredi 4 octobre 2017 - 17:31:07
Dernière modification le : mercredi 16 mai 2018 - 16:11:43

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Nicolas Charles. Merit and Equality in Higher Education Access. Shin, Jung Cheol; Teixeira, Pedro (eds.). Encyclopedia of International Higher Education Systems and Institutions, Springer Netherlands, pp.1-6, 2017, 978-94-017-9553-1. 〈10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_427-1〉. 〈hal-01610462〉

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