Thermal fatigue analysis of automotive Diesel piston: Experimental procedure and numerical protocol

Abstract : A new thermal fatigue rig using High Frequency induction heating is developed to test automotive Diesel engine pistons. An adapted test piston is internally cooled by permanent water flow while its bowl sensitive to thermo-mechanical fatigue is subjected to cyclic induction heating. The temperature is measured in depth by thermocouples and in surface by a thermal infrared camera or a pyrometer. The crack initiation and propagation and the local deformations are provided by optical means. Thermo-mechanical loadings are calibrated by thermal measurements on the piston during engine operation and the entire test is modelled by finite elements. A constitutive model and a fatigue criterion for aluminium alloys are proposed to estimate the piston lifetime under severe cyclic loading. The proposed fatigue bench allows loading the piston in thermal fatigue scheme very similar to that encountered in engine operation conditions. Crack detection is facilitated by numerical modelling that helps to detect the most critical areas and also to reliably estimate the number of cycles for initiate cracks.
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F. Szmytka, Mehdi Salem, Farhad Rezai-Aria, A. Oudin. Thermal fatigue analysis of automotive Diesel piston: Experimental procedure and numerical protocol. International Journal of Fatigue, Elsevier, 2015, 73, p.48-57. ⟨http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0142112314002990#⟩. ⟨10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2014.11.011⟩. ⟨hal-01609209⟩

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