Resolution of 2-bromo-arylacetic acid ester by Yarrowia lipolytica lipase in water/supercritical CO2 two-phase systems

Abstract : A mutated lipase from Yarrowia lipolytica was used in aqueous phase/scCO(2) two-phase systems to perform the enzymatic resolution of (R, S) 2-bromophenyl acetic octyl ester. A solution of phosphate salt (1000 mmol/L) was added to buffer the aqueous phase in contact with CO2 and resulting pH values around 6 were measured in a high pressure cell using a solvatochromic probe. Thus, an acceptable conversion rate and good enantioselectivity could be obtained but kinetics were shown'to remain slower compared to an aqueous phase/decane two-phase system. Moreover, increasing pressure was shown to further slow-down the kinetics. This was hypothesized to be related to the mechanism of opening of the active site of the lipase which requires interfacial contact with a hydrophobic solvent phase. This condition is suspected not to be met in the case of scCO(2) in contact with an aqueous phase because the amount of water dissolved in the supercritical phase diminishes its hydrophobicity.
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Doriane Gerard, Fiona Currie, Yaocihuatl Medina Gonzalez, Séverine Camy, Alain Marty, et al.. Resolution of 2-bromo-arylacetic acid ester by Yarrowia lipolytica lipase in water/supercritical CO2 two-phase systems. Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Elsevier, 2017, 121, pp.96-104. ⟨10.1016/j.supflu.2016.11.012⟩. ⟨hal-01608788⟩

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