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The effects of plant nutritional strategy on soil microbial denitrification activity through rhizosphere primary metabolites

Abstract : The aim of this study was to determine (i) whether plant nutritional strategy affects the composition of primary metabolites exuded into the rhizosphere and (ii) the impact of exuded metabolites on denitrification activity in soil. We answered this question by analysing primary metabolite content extracted from the root-adhering soil (RAS) and the roots of three grasses representing different nutrient management strategies: conservative (Festuca paniculata), intermediate (Bromus erectus) and exploitative (Dactylis glomerata). We also investigated the impact of primary metabolites on soil microbial denitrification enzyme activity without carbon addition, comparing for each plant RAS and bulk soils. Our data show that plant nutritional strategy impacts on primary metabolite composition of root extracts or RAS. Further we show, for the first time, that RAS-extracted primary metabolites are probably better indicators to explain plant nutrient strategy than root-extracted ones. In addition, our results show that some primary metabolites present in the RAS were well correlated with soil microbial denitrification activity with positive relationships found between denitrification and the presence of some organic acids and negative ones with the presence of xylose. We demonstrated that the analysis of primary metabolites extracted from the RAS is probably more pertinent to evaluate the impact of plant on soil microbial community functioning.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01608484
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 3, 2017 - 1:22:45 AM
Last modification on : Friday, November 5, 2021 - 11:12:04 AM

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Julien P. Guyonnet, Florian Vautrin, Guillaume Meiffren, Clement Labois, Amélie Cantarel, et al.. The effects of plant nutritional strategy on soil microbial denitrification activity through rhizosphere primary metabolites. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, Wiley-Blackwell, 2017, 93 (4), ⟨10.1093/femsec/fix022⟩. ⟨hal-01608484⟩

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