Positive biodiversity-productivity relationship predominant in global forests

Jingjing J. Liang 1 Thomas W. Crowther 2, 3 Nicolas Picard 4 Susan Wiser 5 Mo Zhou 1 Giorgio Alberti 6 Ernst-Detlef Schulze 7 A. David Mcguire 8 Fabio Bozzato 9 Hans Pretzsch 10 Sergio De-Miguel 11, 12 Alain Paquette 13 Bruno Herault 14 Michael Scherer-Lorenzen 15 Christopher B. Barrett 16 Henri B. Glick 3 Geerten M. Hengeveld 17 Gert-Jan Nabuurs 17 Sebastian Pfautsch 18 Helder Viana 19, 20 Alexander C. Vibrans 21 Christian Ammer 22 Peter Schall 22 David Verbyla 23 Nadja Tchebakova 24 Marcus Fischer 25 James V. Watson 1 Han Y. H. Chen 26 Xiangdong Lei 27 Mart-Jan Schelhaas 17 H. Lu Damiano Gianelle 28 E. I. Parfenova 24 Christian Salas 29 Eungull Lee 30 Boknam Lee 31 Hyun Seok Kim 32 Helge Bruelheide 33 David A. Coomes 34 Daniel Piotto 35 Terry Sunderland 36 Bernhard Schmid 37 Sylvie Gourlet-Fleury 38 Bonaventure Sonke 39 Rebecca Tavani 40 Jun Zhu 41 Susanne Brandl 42 Jordi Vayreda 43 Fumiaki Kitahara 44 Eric B. Searle 26 Victor J. Neldner 45 Michael R. Ngugi 45 Christopher Baraloto 14, 46 Lorenzo Frizzera 28 Radomir Balazy 47 Jacek Oleksyn 48 T. Zawi a-Nied wiecki O. Bouriaud F. Bussotti L. Finer B. Jaroszewicz T. Jucker F. Valladares A. M. Jagodzinski P. L. Peri C. Gonmadje W. Marthy T. Obrien E. H. Martin A. R. Marshall F. Rovero R. Bitariho P. A. Niklaus P. Alvarez-Loayza N. Chamuya R. Valencia F. Mortier V. Wortel N. L. Engone-Obiang L. V. Ferreira D. E. Odeke R. M. Vasquez S. L. Lewis P. B. Reich 18
Abstract : The biodiversity-productivity relationship (BPR) is foundational to our understanding of the global extinction crisis and its impacts on ecosystem functioning. Understanding BPR is critical for the accurate valuation and effective conservation of biodiversity. Using ground-sourced data from 777,126 permanent plots, spanning 44 countries and most terrestrial biomes, we reveal a globally consistent positive concave-down BPR, showing that continued biodiversity loss would result in an accelerating decline in forest productivity worldwide. The value of biodiversity in maintaining commercial forest productivity alone-US$166 billion to 490 billion per year according to our estimation-is more than twice what it would cost to implement effective global conservation. This highlights the need for a worldwide reassessment of biodiversity values, forest management strategies, and conservation priorities.
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Jingjing J. Liang, Thomas W. Crowther, Nicolas Picard, Susan Wiser, Mo Zhou, et al.. Positive biodiversity-productivity relationship predominant in global forests. Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2016, 354 (6309), ⟨10.1126/science.aaf8957⟩. ⟨hal-01607784⟩

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