Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil of Achillea millefolium L. Grown in France

Abstract : This study aimed to examine the composition of essential oil (EO) of A. millefolium aerial parts wild plant grown in France and evaluate its antioxidant, antibacterial, and antifungal activities. GC-MS was used to identify the chemical composition of EO. Antioxidant activity (AA) of EO was evaluated by Oxipres method. Antimicrobial activity of EO was evaluated by Agar-well diffusion and a broth microdilution assay. Forty-three volatile compounds were identified. Major compounds were camphor (12.8%), germacrene-D (12%), (E)-nerolidol (7.3%), sabinene (6.7%), (E)-p-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol (4.5%), and 1,8-cineole (4%). EO shows strong AA against Sunflower oil oxidation. Additionally, an inhibitory effect against microbial organisms (bacteria and fungi) was found. The EO composition of A. millefolium chemotype located in France was studied. The EO of the A. millefolium wild plant grown in France is quite an effective antioxidant in sunflower oil oxidation; it also possesses inhibitory effects against famous bacteria and fungi.
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Medicines, MDPI, 2017, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory Activities of Essential Oils) 4 (2), pp.30. 〈http://www.mdpi.com/2305-6320/4/2/30〉. 〈10.3390/medicines4020030〉
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Chaker El-Kalamouni, Petras Venskutonis, Bachar Zebib, Othmane Merah, Christine Raynaud, et al.. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil of Achillea millefolium L. Grown in France. Medicines, MDPI, 2017, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory Activities of Essential Oils) 4 (2), pp.30. 〈http://www.mdpi.com/2305-6320/4/2/30〉. 〈10.3390/medicines4020030〉. 〈hal-01607096〉

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