Out-of-equilibrium fluctuation-dissipation relations verified by the electrical and thermoelectrical ac-conductances in a quantum dot

Adeline Crépieux 1, 2
2 CPT - E6 Nanophysique
CPT - Centre de Physique Théorique - UMR 7332
Abstract : The electrical and heat currents flowing through a quantum dot are calculated in the presence of a time-modulated gate voltage with the help of the out-of-equilibrium Green function technique. From the first harmonics of the currents, we extract the electrical and thermoelectrical trans-admittances and ac-conductances. Next, by a careful comparison of the ac-conductances with the finite-frequency electrical and mixed electrical-heat noises, we establish the fluctuation-dissipation relations linking these quantities, which are thus generalized out-of-equilibrium for a quantum system. It is shown that the electrical ac-conductance associated to the displacement current is directly linked to the electrical noise summed over reservoirs, whereas the relation between the thermoelectrical ac-conductance and the mixed noise contains an additional term proportional to the energy step that the electrons must overcome when traveling through the junction. A numerical study reveals however that a fluctuation-dissipation relation involving a single reservoir applies for both electrical and thermoelectrical ac-conductances when the frequency dominates over the other characteristic energies.
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Article dans une revue
Annalen der Physik, 2017, 529 (9), pp.1600344. 〈10.1002/andp.201600344〉
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Adeline Crépieux. Out-of-equilibrium fluctuation-dissipation relations verified by the electrical and thermoelectrical ac-conductances in a quantum dot. Annalen der Physik, 2017, 529 (9), pp.1600344. 〈10.1002/andp.201600344〉. 〈hal-01591015〉

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