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Gold Colloid-Nanostructured Surfaces for Enhanced Piezoelectric Immunosensing of Staphylococcal Enterotoxin A

Maroua Ben Haddada 1, 2 Michèle Salmain 2, * Souhir Boujday 1, *
* Corresponding author
2 CHEMBIO - Chemical Biology
IPCM - Institut Parisien de Chimie Moléculaire
Abstract : We describe the use of gold nanoparticles (AuNP) as a nanostructuring agent on quartz crystal sensor chips to engineer staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) piezoelectric biosensors with amplified response. AuNPs were assembled on gold- or silicon-coated quartz crystal sensor chips by a wet chemistry process involving their chemisorption to preformed thiol and amine terminated Self-Assembled Monolayers (SAMs). The purpose of this nanostructuration was to modify the topography of the surface and improve the accessibility of the binding sites on the surface of the sensor chips. Biointerfaces, comprising a polyclonal antibody against staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA), were further built up on these gold nanoparticle-coated sensors and their ability to capture SEA was monitored in real time with a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring. It was found out that, although the surface density in capture antibody was similar on both nanostructured and planar sensors, the sensor response, expressed as frequency shift recorded during the binding of SEA to the antibody, was significantly higher for the nanostructured sensors as compared to the planar ones. All the same, the limit of detection was lower for the nanostructured sensors: 8 ng/mL vs 20 ng/mL for the planar sensors. This was rationalized by a possibly better accessibility of the antigen binding sites rather than a consequence of specific surface increase. Using a sandwich type assay, gold nanoparticles coated silicon quartz sensor chips provided the lowest limit of detection of ca. 1 ng/mL in a total assay time of 25 min.
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Maroua Ben Haddada, Michèle Salmain, Souhir Boujday. Gold Colloid-Nanostructured Surfaces for Enhanced Piezoelectric Immunosensing of Staphylococcal Enterotoxin A. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Elsevier, 2018, 255 (Part 2), pp.1604-1613. ⟨10.1016/j.snb.2017.08.180⟩. ⟨hal-01585227⟩

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