A multi-species approach for assessing the impact of land-cover changes on landscape connectivity

Abstract : Land-cover changes (LCCs) could impact wildlife populations through gains or losses of natural habitats and changes in the landscape mosaic. To assess such impacts, we need to focus on landscape connectivity from a diachronic perspective. We propose a method for assessing the impact of LCCs on landscape connectivity through a multi-species approach based on graph theory. To do this, we combine two approaches devised to spatialize the variation of multi-species connectivity and to quantify the importance of types of LCCs for single-species connectivity by highlighting the possible contradictory effects. We begin with a list of landscape species and create virtual species with similar ecological requirements. We model the ecological network of these virtual species at two dates and compute the variation of a local and global connectivity metric to assess the impacts of the LCCs on their dispersal capacities. The spatial variation of multi-species connectivity showed that local impacts range from −6.4% to +3.2%. The assessment of the impacts of types of LCCs showed a variation in global connectivity ranging from −45.1% for open-area reptiles to +170.2% for natural open-area birds with low-dispersion capacities. This generic approach can be reproduced in a large variety of spatial contexts by adapting the selection of the initial species. The proposed method could inform and guide conservation actions and landscape management strategies so as to enhance or maintain connectivity for species at a landscape scale.
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Article dans une revue
Landscape Ecology, Springer Verlag, 2017, 32, pp.1819-1835. <10.1007/s10980-017-0551-6>
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01577903
Contributeur : Yohan Sahraoui <>
Soumis le : lundi 28 août 2017 - 13:30:28
Dernière modification le : mercredi 30 août 2017 - 01:08:09

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Yohan Sahraoui, Jean-Christophe Foltête, Celine Clauzel. A multi-species approach for assessing the impact of land-cover changes on landscape connectivity. Landscape Ecology, Springer Verlag, 2017, 32, pp.1819-1835. <10.1007/s10980-017-0551-6>. <hal-01577903>

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