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A comparison of technologies for remediation of heavy metal contaminated soils

Abstract : Soil contamination with persistent and potentially (eco)toxic heavy metal(loid)s is ubiquitous around the globe. Concentration of these heavy metal(loid)s in soil has increased drastically over the last three decades, thus posing risk to the environment and human health. Some technologies have long been in use to remediate the hazardous heavy metal(loid)s. Conventional remediation methods for heavy metal(loid)s are generally based on physical, chemical and biological approaches, which may be used in combination with one another to clean-up heavy metal(loid) contaminated soils to an acceptable and safe level. This review summarizes the soil contamination by heavy metal(loid)s at a global scale, accumulation of heavy metal(loid)s in vegetables to toxic levels and their regulatory guidelines in soil. In this review, we also elucidate and compare the pool of available technologies that are currently being applied for remediation of heavy metal(loid) contaminated soils, as well as the economic aspect of soil remediation for different techniques. This review article includes an assessment of the contemporary status of technology deployment and recommendations for future remediation research. Finally, the molecular and genetic basis of heavy metal(loid) (hyper)accumulation and tolerance in microbes and plants is also discussed. It is proposed that for effective and economic remediation of soil, a better understanding of remediation procedures and the various options available at the different stages of remediation is highly necessary.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01577861
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Sana Khalid, Muhammad Shahid, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Behzad Murtaza, Irshad Bibi, et al.. A comparison of technologies for remediation of heavy metal contaminated soils. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, Elsevier, 2016, 182, pp.247 - 268. ⟨10.1016/j.gexplo.2016.11.021⟩. ⟨hal-01577861v2⟩

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