Effective description of anisotropic wave dispersion in mechanical metamaterials via the relaxed micromorphic model

Abstract : In this paper the relaxed micromorphic material model for anisotropic elasticity is used to describe the dynam-ical behavior of a band-gap metamaterial with tetragonal symmetry. Unlike other continuum models (Cauchy, Cosserat, second gradient, classical Mindlin-Eringen micromorphic etc.), the relaxed micromorphic model is endowed to capture all the main microscopic and macroscopic characteristics of the targeted metamaterial, namely, stiffness, anisotropy, dispersion and band-gaps. The simple structure of our material model, which simultaneously lives on a micro-, a meso-and a macroscopic scale, requires only the identification of a limited number of frequency-independent and thus truly constitutive parameters, valid for both static and wave-propagation analyses in the plane. The static macro-and micro-parameters are identified by numerical homogenization in static tests on the unit-cell level. The 3 macro-parameters are obtained by imposing periodic boundary conditions thus mimicking the structure at large. The 3 micro-parameters can be uniquely identified for a unit-cell, which (i) represents the unit-cell with maximal stiffness and (ii) preserves its tetragonal symmetry. Both conditions (i) and (ii) are built on the inherent rationale of the relaxed micromorphic model. The missing mesoscopic elastic parameters directly follow from a recently developed harmonic-mean type micro-macro homogenization rule, which establishes the general relation between the elasticities in the micromorphic model on its three scales. The remaining inertia parameters for dynamical analyses are calibrated on the dispersion curves of the same metamaterial as obtained by Bloch-Floquet analysis for two wave directions. We demonstrate via polar plots that the obtained material parameters describe very well the response of the structural material for all wave directions in the plane, thus covering the complete panorama of anisotropy of the targeted metamaterial. Our findings suggest, that a deeper understanding of micromorphic continuum models for anisotropic elasticity can pave the way towards future developments such as the conception of morphologically complex (meta-) structures by finite element analyses.
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Pré-publication, Document de travail
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Contributeur : Gabriele Barbagallo <>
Soumis le : jeudi 10 août 2017 - 15:12:19
Dernière modification le : mercredi 28 février 2018 - 15:20:31


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  • HAL Id : hal-01573722, version 1


Marco Valerio D'Agostino, Gabriele Barbagallo, Ionel-Dumitrel Ghiba, Bernhard Eidel, Patrizio Neff, et al.. Effective description of anisotropic wave dispersion in mechanical metamaterials via the relaxed micromorphic model. 2017. 〈hal-01573722v1〉



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