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Composite biomarkers derived from Micro-Electrode Array measurements and computer simulations improve the classification of drug-induced channel block

Eliott Tixier 1 Fabien Raphel 1 Damiano Lombardi 1 Jean-Frédéric Gerbeau 1
1 REO - Numerical simulation of biological flows
SU - Sorbonne Université, Inria de Paris, LJLL (UMR_7598) - Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions
Abstract : The Micro-Electrode Array (MEA) device enables high-throughput electrophysiology measurements that are less labour-intensive than patch-clamp based techniques. Combined with human-induced pluripotent stem cells cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CM), it represents a new and promising paradigm for automated and accurate in vitro drug safety evaluation. In this article, the following question is addressed: which features of the MEA signals should be measured to better classify the effects of drugs? A framework for the classification of drugs using MEA measurements is proposed. The classification is based on the ion channels blockades induced by the drugs. It relies on an in silico electrophysiology model of the MEA, a feature selection algorithm and automatic classification tools. An in silico model of the MEA is developed and is used to generate synthetic measurements. An algorithm that extracts MEA measurements features designed to perform well in a classification context is described. These features are called composite biomarkers. A state-of-the-art machine learning program is used to carry out the classification of drugs using experimental MEA measurements. The experiments are carried out using five different drugs: mexiletine, flecainide, diltiazem, moxifloxacin and dofetilide. We show that the composite biomarkers outperform the classical ones in different classification scenarios. We show that using both synthetic and experimental MEA measurements improves the robustness of the composite biomarkers and that the classification scores are increased.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 13, 2017 - 10:09:55 AM
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Eliott Tixier, Fabien Raphel, Damiano Lombardi, Jean-Frédéric Gerbeau. Composite biomarkers derived from Micro-Electrode Array measurements and computer simulations improve the classification of drug-induced channel block. Frontiers in Physiology, Frontiers, 2018, 8 (1096), pp.1-30. ⟨10.3389/fphys.2017.01096⟩. ⟨hal-01570819v3⟩

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