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The composite complex span: French validation of a short working memory task.

Abstract : Most studies in individual differences in the field of working memory research use complex span tasks to measure working memory capacity. Various complex span tasks based on different materials have been developed, and these tasks have proven both reliable and valid; several complex span tasks are often combined to provide a domain-general estimate of working memory capacity with even better psychometric properties. The present work sought to address two issues. Firstly, having participants perform several full-length complex span tasks in succession makes for a long and tedious procedure. Secondly, few complex span tasks have been translated and validated in French. We constructed a French working memory task labeled the Composite Complex Span (CCS). The CCS includes shortened versions of three classic complex span tasks: the reading span, symmetry span, and operation span. We assessed the psychometric properties of the CCS, including test-retest reliability and convergent validity, with Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices and with an alpha span task; the CCS demonstrated satisfying qualities in a sample of 1,093 participants. This work provides evidence that shorter versions of classic complex span tasks can yield valid working memory estimates. The materials and normative data for the CCS are also included.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01569884
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 27, 2017 - 7:36:21 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 11:36:41 AM

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Corentin Gonthier, Noémylle Thomassin, Jean-Luc Roulin. The composite complex span: French validation of a short working memory task.. Behavior Research Methods, Psychonomic Society, Inc, 2016, 48 (1), pp.233-42. ⟨10.3758/s13428-015-0566-3⟩. ⟨hal-01569884⟩

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