Detection and Localization of Anomalous Motion in Video Sequences from Local Histograms of Labeled Affine Flows

Abstract : We propose an original method for detecting and localizing anomalous motion patterns in videos from a camera view-based motion representation perspective. Anomalous motion should be taken in a broad sense, i.e., unexpected, abnormal, singular, irregular, or unusual motion. Identifying distinctive dynamic information at any time point and at any image location in a sequence of images is a key requirement in many situations and applications. The proposed method relies on so-called labeled affine flows (LAF) involving both affine velocity vectors and affine motion classes. At every pixel, a motion class is inferred from the affine motion model selected in a set of candidate models estimated over a collection of windows. Then, the image is subdivided in blocks where motion class histograms weighted by the affine motion vector magnitudes are computed. They are compared blockwise to histograms of normal behaviors with a dedicated distance. More specifically, we introduce the local outlier factor (LOF) to detect anomalous blocks. LOF is a local flexible measure of the relative density of data points in a feature space, here the space of LAF histograms. By thresholding the LOF value, we can detect an anomalous motion pattern in any block at any time instant of the video sequence. The threshold value is automatically set in each block by means of statistical arguments. We report comparative experiments on several real video datasets, demonstrating that our method is highly competitive for the intricate task of detecting different types of anomalous motion in videos. Specifically, we obtain very competitive results on all the tested datasets: 99.2% AUC for UMN, 82.8% AUC for UCSD, and 95.73% accuracy for PETS 2009, at the frame level.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01561069
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 12, 2017 - 12:24:16 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 11, 2018 - 1:51:42 AM

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Juan-Manuel Pérez-Rúa, Antoine Basset, Patrick Bouthemy. Detection and Localization of Anomalous Motion in Video Sequences from Local Histograms of Labeled Affine Flows . Frontiers in information and communication technologies, Frontiers Media S.A., 2017, Computer Image Analysis, ⟨10.3389/fict.2017.00010⟩. ⟨hal-01561069⟩

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