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Mercury(II) Trace Detection Using a Glassy Carbon Electrode Functionalized by Chemically Prepared Gold Nanoparticles. Influence of Coating Process on Surface Reactivity and Analytical Performances

Abstract : An electrochemical sensor dedicated to Hg(II) trace detection was elaborated based on a gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) modified glassy carbon (GC) electrode. AuNPs were prepared using the Turkevich method and deposited on GC by drop casting. Different protocols including suspension filtration and evaporation temperature control were tested and their influence both on coating morphology and electrochemical activity assessed. From structural characterization, it can be concluded that neither the filtration step nor the drop evaporating temperature have a significant impact on coating morphology at the mesoscale level. However, regarding to the electrochemical activity of the functionalized electrodes, results showed that when some heterogeneities due to (AuNPs) aggregation were present in the coating, the electrochemical activity was reduced. Contrary to what was observed in our previous studies dealing with electrodeposited AuNPs, cycling an AuNPs-GC electrode in H2SO4 lead in all cases to a decrease in active surface area and in a higher density of surface defects, thus revealing a higher surface reactivity of chemically-synthesized AuNPs. The electrochemical activation procedure was found to influence the analytical performances of the functionalized electrode with respect to Hg(II) assay in the picomolar range, but not in the nanomolar range, as a consequence of a saturated concentration effect. A linear concentration range was obtained between 2 and 12 pM with a normalized sensitivity of 0.296 μA pM-1 min-1 using square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV) as the detection mode. A limit of detection (LOD) down to 1 pM was reached.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 12, 2017 - 10:33:45 AM
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Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, January 25, 2018 - 4:19:47 AM

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Eugénie Granado, Emelyne Gervais, Guillaume Gotti, Sandrine Desclaux, Martine Meireles, et al.. Mercury(II) Trace Detection Using a Glassy Carbon Electrode Functionalized by Chemically Prepared Gold Nanoparticles. Influence of Coating Process on Surface Reactivity and Analytical Performances. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, ESG 2017, vol. 12, pp. 6092-6107. ⟨10.20964/2017.07.44⟩. ⟨hal-01560915⟩

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