Cross section measurements for production of positron emitters for PET imaging in carbon therapy

Abstract : In light ion beam therapy, positron (β+) emitters are produced by the tissue nuclei through nuclear interactions with the beam ions. They can be used for the verification of the delivered dose using positron emission tomography by comparing the spatial distribution of the β+ emitters activity to a computer simulation taking into account the patient morphology and the treatment plan. However, the accuracy of the simulation greatly depends on the method used to generate the nuclear interactions producing these emitters. In the case of Monte Carlo (MC) simulations, the nuclear interaction models still lack the required accuracy due to insufficient experimental cross section data. This is particularly true for carbon therapy where literature data on fragmentation cross sections of a carbon beam with targets of medical interest are very scarce. Therefore, we performed at GANIL in July 2016 measurements on β+ emitter production cross sections with a carbon beam at 25, 50, and 95 MeV/nucleon on thin targets (C, N, O, and PMMA). We extracted the production cross section of C10,11, N13, and O14,15 that are essential to constrain or develop MC nuclear fragmentation models.
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Soumis le : lundi 3 juillet 2017 - 18:38:59
Dernière modification le : mardi 28 novembre 2017 - 16:34:05

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S. Salvador, J. Colin, D. Cussol, C. Divay, J.M. Fontbonne, et al.. Cross section measurements for production of positron emitters for PET imaging in carbon therapy. Phys.Rev., 2017, 〈10.1103/PhysRevC.95.044607〉. 〈hal-01555145〉

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