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Softness and amplitudes’ positivity for spinning particles

Abstract : We derive positivity bounds for scattering amplitudes of particles with arbitrary spin using unitarity, analyticity and crossing symmetry. The bounds imply the positivity of certain low-energy coefficients of the effective action that controls the dynamics of the light degrees of freedom. We show that low-energy amplitudes strictly softer than O(p$^{4}$) do not admit unitary ultraviolet completions unless the theory is free. This enforces a bound on the energy growth of scattering amplitudes in the region of validity of the effective theory. We discuss explicit examples including the Goldstino from spontaneous supersymmetry breaking, and the theory of a spin-1/2 fermion with a shift symmetry.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 3, 2017 - 6:30:49 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 27, 2021 - 11:27:01 AM

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Brando Bellazzini. Softness and amplitudes’ positivity for spinning particles. Journal of High Energy Physics, Springer, 2017, 02, pp.034. ⟨10.1007/JHEP02(2017)034⟩. ⟨hal-01554986⟩

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