The open XXX spin chain in the SoV framework: scalar product of separate states

Abstract : We consider the XXX open spin-1/2 chain with the most general non-diagonal boundary terms, that we solve by means of the quantum separation of variables (SoV) approach. We compute the scalar products of separate states, a class of states which notably contains all the eigenstates of the model. As usual for models solved by SoV, these scalar products can be expressed as some determinants with a non-trivial dependance in terms of the inhomogeneity parameters that have to be introduced for the method to be applicable. We show that these determinants can be transformed into alternative ones in which the homogeneous limit can easily be taken. These new representations can be considered as generalizations of the well-known determinant representation for the scalar products of the Bethe states of the periodic chain. In the particular case where a constraint is applied on the boundary parameters, such that the transfer matrix spectrum and eigenstates can be characterized in terms of polynomial solutions of a usual T-Q equation, the scalar product that we compute here corresponds to the scalar product between two off-shell Bethe-type states. If in addition one of the states is an eigenstate, the determinant representation can be simplified, hence leading in this boundary case to direct analogues of algebraic Bethe ansatz determinant representations of the scalar products for the periodic chain.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 3, 2017 - 5:49:39 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 16, 2019 - 7:39:17 PM

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N. Kitanine, J.M. Maillet, G. Niccoli, V. Terras. The open XXX spin chain in the SoV framework: scalar product of separate states. J.Phys.A, 2017, 50 (22), pp.224001. ⟨10.1088/1751-8121/aa6cc9⟩. ⟨hal-01554305⟩

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