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The Search-Coil Magnetometer for MMS

Abstract : The tri-axial search-coil magnetometer (SCM) belongs to the FIELDS instrumentation suite on the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission (Torbert et al. in Space Sci. Rev. (2014), this issue). It provides the three magnetic components of the waves from 1 Hz to 6 kHz in particular in the key regions of the Earth’s magnetosphere namely the subsolar region and the magnetotail. Magnetospheric plasmas being collisionless, such a measurement is crucial as the electromagnetic waves are thought to provide a way to ensure the conversion from magnetic to thermal and kinetic energies allowing local or global reconfigurations of the Earth’s magnetic field. The analog waveforms provided by the SCM are digitized and processed inside the digital signal processor (DSP), within the Central Electronics Box (CEB), together with the electric field data provided by the spin-plane double probe (SDP) and the axial double probe (ADP). On-board calibration signal provided by DSP allows the verification of the SCM transfer function once per orbit. Magnetic waveforms and on-board spectra computed by DSP are available at different time resolution depending on the selected mode. The SCM design is described in details as well as the different steps of the ground and in-flight calibrations.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 30, 2017 - 5:22:47 PM
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Olivier Le Contel, Paul Leroy, A. Roux, Christophe Coillot, Dominique Alison, et al.. The Search-Coil Magnetometer for MMS. Space Science Reviews, Springer Verlag, 2016, 199 (1-4), pp.257-282. ⟨10.1007/s11214-014-0096-9⟩. ⟨hal-01552023⟩