Charge transfer to a dielectric target by guided ionization waves using electric field measurements

Abstract : A kHz-operated atmospheric pressure plasma jet is investigated by measuring charge transferred to a dielectric electro-optic surface (BSO crystal) allowing for the measurement of electric field by exploiting the Pockels effect. The electric field values, distribution of the surface discharge and amount of deposited charge are obtained for various parameters, including gas flow, applied voltage, target distance and the length of the capillary from ground to the end. A newly formed surface discharge emerges at the target when enough charge is deposited at the impact point and electric fields are high enough, i.e. 200 pC and 9 ± 2 kV cm−1. The maximum amount of charge transferred by a single ionization wave ('plasma bullet') is 350 ± 40 pC. Due to the emerging new surface discharge behind the impact point, the total charge deposited on the surface of the dielectric target can increase up to 950 pC. The shape of the secondary discharge on the target is found to be mainly driven by gas flow, while the applied voltage allows us to utilize longer distances within the boundaries set by this gas mixing. Finally the ionization wave is found to lose charge along its propagation on the inner walls of the capillary. The loss is estimated to be approximately 7.5 pC mm−1 of travel distance inside the capillary.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 28, 2017 - 5:04:02 PM
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Elmar Slikboer, Enric Garcia-Caurel, Olivier Guaitella, Ana Sobota. Charge transfer to a dielectric target by guided ionization waves using electric field measurements. Plasma Sources Science and Technology, IOP Publishing, 2016, ⟨10.1088/1361-6595/aa53fe⟩. ⟨hal-01549342⟩



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