Polysaccharides and lignin based hydrogels with potential pharmaceutical use as a drug delivery system produced by a reactive extrusion process

Abstract : Currently, there is very strong interest to replace synthetic polymers with biological macromolecules of natural source for applications that interact with humans or the environment. This research describes the development of drug delivery hydrogels from natural polymers, starch, lignin and hemicelluloses by means of reactive extrusion. The hydrogels show a strong swelling ability dependent on pH which may be used to control diffusion rates of water and small molecules in and out of the gel. Also the hydrogels degradation rates were studied in a physiological solution (pH 7.4) for 15 days. The results indicated that for all three macromolecules, lower molecular weight and higher level of plasticizer both increase the rate of weight loss of the hydrogels. The degradation was extremely reduced when the polymers were extruded in the presence of a catalyst. Finally the dynamic mechanical analysis revealed that the degradation of the hydrogels induce a significant reduction in the compressive modulus. This study demonstrates the characteristics and potential of natural polymers as a drug release system.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 26, 2017 - 2:19:59 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 21, 2019 - 5:44:05 PM

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Wissam Farhat, Richard A. Venditti, Nathalie Mignard, Mohamed Taha, Frédéric Becquart, et al.. Polysaccharides and lignin based hydrogels with potential pharmaceutical use as a drug delivery system produced by a reactive extrusion process. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Elsevier, 2017, 104, pp.564-575. ⟨10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.06.037⟩. ⟨hal-01547133⟩

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