The Bengal fan: external controls on the Holocene Active Channel turbidite activity

Abstract : The eastern levee of the Active Channel in the Bengal fan has been investigated in order to better understand the history of turbidite activity in this channel during the Holocene in the context of Ganges-Brahmaputra source-to-sink' system. A robust C-14-based chronostratigraphy provides high temporal resolution for reconstructing sediment accumulation history on the eastern levee of the Active Channel. Integration of this study with previous work in the area suggests that the Bengal fan has remained continually connected with the Ganges-Brahmaputra fluvial system through the Holocene, feeding through the main canyon, the Swatch of No Ground (SoNG). An intense turbidite activity occurred during a transgressive wet period from 14.5 to 9.2 ka cal. BP, followed by an abrupt shift in sedimentation at 9.2 ka cal. BP, probably due to the high sea level leading to a partial disconnection between massive river discharges and the deep turbidite system. During the last 9.2 ka cal. BP, turbidite activity is still present but irregular, likely modulated by a combination of various forcings such as monsoon variability and river migration. In total, three phases are distinguishable during this period: 9.2-5.5, 5.5-4, and 4 ka cal. BP to modern, according to the turbidite record. Unexpectedly, the Indo-Asian monsoon does not appear to be the only predominant forcing on the establishment of the Bengal fan during the Holocene because of the combination of different forcings directly affecting transfers between the Ganges-Brahmaputra and the Bengal fan as well as river migrations, delta construction, and potentially anthropogenic impact.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Holocene, SAGE Publications, 2017, 27 (6), pp.900-913 〈10.1177/0959683616675938〉
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01547118
Contributeur : Kim Ho <>
Soumis le : lundi 26 juin 2017 - 14:09:44
Dernière modification le : jeudi 21 mars 2019 - 14:34:34

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L. Fournier, Kelly Fauquembergue, Sébastien Zaragosi, Coralie Zorzi, B. Malaize, et al.. The Bengal fan: external controls on the Holocene Active Channel turbidite activity . Holocene, SAGE Publications, 2017, 27 (6), pp.900-913 〈10.1177/0959683616675938〉. 〈hal-01547118〉

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