A novel amperometric inhibition biosensor based on HRP and gold sononanoparticles immobilised onto Sonogel-Carbon electrode for the determination of sulphides

Abstract : A novel inhibition biosensor used for the detection of sulphides (Na2S) has been developed. The biosensor is based on the immobilisation of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) on the Sonogel-Carbon (SNGC) electrode using glutaraldehyde, Poly(4-vinylpyridine) and gold sononanoparticles (AuSNPs). The Poly(4-vinylpyridine) was used due to its high affinity for sulphide anions, while the presence of gold sononanoparticles enhances the electron transfer reaction and improves the analytical performance of the biosensor. The amperometric measurements were performed at an applied potential of -0.15 V vs. Ag/AgCl in 50 mM sodium acetate buffer solution pH = 6.0. The apparent kinetic parameters (K-mapp, V-max) of immobilised HRP were calculated in the absence of inhibitor (sulphide) using caffeic acid as substrate. Under the optimal experimental conditions, the determination of sulphide can be achieved in a dynamic range of 0.4-2.8 mu M with a low limit of detection of 0.15 mu M. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was also used to characterise the interactions of substrate and inhibitor with the enzyme-modified electrode. The developed biosensor exhibited high sensitivity, selectivity and stability, and can be successfully applied to the detection of sulphide in water.
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Aisha Attar, Aziz Amine, Fethi Achi, Saliha Bourouina Bourouina, Mustapha Bourouina, et al.. A novel amperometric inhibition biosensor based on HRP and gold sononanoparticles immobilised onto Sonogel-Carbon electrode for the determination of sulphides. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, Taylor & Francis, 2016, 96 (6), pp.515-529. 〈10.1080/03067319.2016.1172216〉. 〈hal-01546525〉

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