Effect of acetylation and additive on the tensile properties of wood fiber - HDPE composite

Abstract : The wood plastic composites studied in this work are composed of high-density polyethylene matrix and Pinus pinaster wood fibers. Despite some interesting intrinsic properties, this wood plastic composite has limited mechanical properties because of the incompatibility between the polar hydrophilic fibers and the non-polar hydrophobic matrix. In this study, the effects of maleic anhydride-modified polyethylene additive, of carbon chains grafted by acetylation and of wood fiber contents on the tensile mechanical properties of the wood plastic composite were studied. Tensile tests were carried out using digital image correlation as an intrusiveness and robust method for strain measurements. Results showed first that the addition of wood fibers made the wood plastic composite stiffer but less flexible. Acetylation improved the interfacial adhesion properties: the Young modulus was increased and a lower strain at failure was reported. The coupling agent also increased the compatibility but mainly in the case where there was no grafted chain. With regard to the carbon chains, the number of grafts improved the elastic properties while their length did not appear to have any influence. Finally, a scanning electron microscope was used to characterize the post-mortem morphology of the fracture surfaces, the results of which supported the observations obtained from the tensile mechanical properties
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T. Benmbarek, Laurent Robert, H. Sammouda, Bertrand Charrier, Jean-José Orteu, et al.. Effect of acetylation and additive on the tensile properties of wood fiber - HDPE composite. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, SAGE Publications, 2013, 32 (21), pp.1646-1655. ⟨http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0731684413505256⟩. ⟨10.1177/0731684413505256⟩. ⟨hal-01546016⟩



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