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Proteomic quantification and identification of carbonylated proteins upon oxidative stress and during cellular aging

Martin A. Baraibar 1 Romain Ladouce 1 Bertrand Friguet 1
1 VCII - Vieillissement Cellulaire Intégré et Inflammation
B2A - Adaptation Biologique et Vieillissement = Biological Adaptation and Ageing
Abstract : Increased protein carbonyl content is a hallmark of cellular and organismal aging. Protein damage leading to the formation of carbonyl groups derives from direct oxidation of several amino acid side chains but can also derive through protein adducts formation with lipid peroxidation products and dicarbonyl glycating compounds. All these modifications have been implicated during oxidative stress, aging and age-related diseases. However, in most cases, the proteins targeted by these deleterious modifications as well as their consequences have not yet been clearly identified. Indeed, this is essential to determine whether and how these modified proteins are impacting on cellular function, on the development of the senescent phenotype and the pathogenesis of age-related diseases. In this context, protein modifications occurring during aging and upon oxidative stress as well as main proteomic methods for detecting, quantifying and identifying oxidized proteins are described. Relevant proteomics studies aimed at monitoring the extent of protein carbonylation and identifying the targeted proteins in the context of aging and oxidative stress are also presented. Proteomics approaches, i.e. fluorescent based 2D-gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry methods, represent powerful tools for monitoring at the proteome level the extent of protein oxidative and related modifications and for identifying the targeted proteins. Biological significance Accumulation of damaged macromolecules, including oxidatively damaged (carbonylated) proteins, is a hallmark of cellular and organismal aging. Since protein carbonyls are the most commonly used markers of protein oxidation, different methods have been developed for the detection and quantification of carbonylated proteins. The identification of these protein targets is of valuable interest in order to understand the mechanisms by which damaged proteins accumulate and potentially affect cellular functions during oxidative stress, cellular senescence and/or aging in vivo. The specificity of hydrazide derivatives to carbonyl groups and the presence of a wide range of functional groups coupled to the hydrazide, allowed the design of novel strategies for the detection and quantification of carbonylated proteins. Of note is the importance of fluorescent probes for monitoring carbonylated proteins. Proteomics approaches, i.e. fluorescent based 2D-gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry methods, represent powerful tools for monitoring at the proteome level the extent of protein oxidative and related modifications and for identifying the targeted proteins.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 21, 2017 - 11:59:31 AM
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Martin A. Baraibar, Romain Ladouce, Bertrand Friguet. Proteomic quantification and identification of carbonylated proteins upon oxidative stress and during cellular aging. Journal of Proteomics, Elsevier, 2013, 92 (SI), pp.63-70. ⟨10.1016/j.jprot.2013.05.008⟩. ⟨hal-01543990⟩

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