Electronic properties of bulk 3D, 2D Ruddlesden-Popper phases and colloidal quantum dots of halide perovskite semiconductors: recent results (Keynote Speaker)

Abstract : In the past five years, solution-processed organometallic perovskite based solar cells have emerged as a promising thin-film photovoltaic technology. Presently, the intended optoelectronic applications of this class of materials are in the realm of conventional semiconductors. Meanwhile, in this new family of semiconductors, the spin-orbit coupling is giant and shows up in the conduction band, the band gap is direct with the critical wavevector located at one of the edges of the reference Brillouin zone, and all these distinctive features including lattice strain deserve a specific theoretical framework. Then, the electronic band structure can be modeled using either Density Functional Theory calculations or empirical methods such as the tight-binding model and the multiband k.p method provided that accurate descriptions of symmetry properties are proposed. Among others, excitonic effects play a crucial role in ensuring device efficiencies. For instance, in 3D halide-based hybrid perovskites, the strong reduction of the exciton binding energy at room temperature is essential for the operation of photovoltaic devices. The exciton fine structure also plays an important role for the emission properties of colloidal halide perovskite nanostructures. Related 2D Ruddlesden-Popper phases, composed of perovskites layers sandwiched between two layers of large organic cations, have recently demonstrated improved photostability under standard illumination as well as humidity resistance over 2000 hours, affording a conversion efficiency of 12.5 %. In this case, intrinsic quantum and dielectric carrier confinements are afforded by the organic inner barriers, which leads to a stable Wannier exciton at room temperature. However, device efficiencies are essentially related to extremely efficient internal exciton dissociation through edge states in layered 2D Ruddlesden-Popper perovskites, as shown from the investigation of both thin films and small single crystals.
Type de document :
Communication dans un congrès
3è Journées Pérovskites Hybrides (JPH 2017), May 2017, Angers, France
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01533009
Contributeur : Jacky Even <>
Soumis le : lundi 12 juin 2017 - 09:26:22
Dernière modification le : vendredi 21 décembre 2018 - 16:44:36

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Paternité 4.0 International License

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  • HAL Id : hal-01533009, version 1

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Jacky Even, Hsinhan Tsai, Wanyi Nie, Jean-Christophe Blancon, Amanda Neukirch, et al.. Electronic properties of bulk 3D, 2D Ruddlesden-Popper phases and colloidal quantum dots of halide perovskite semiconductors: recent results (Keynote Speaker). 3è Journées Pérovskites Hybrides (JPH 2017), May 2017, Angers, France. 〈hal-01533009〉

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