Les noms d’évaluation de comportement

Abstract : The article examines semantico-syntactic properties of nouns corresponding to behavior evaluation adjectives (BEA), such as amabilité ‘kindness’, imprudence ‘carelessness’ or courage ‘courage’. Even though all these nouns denote qualities attributed on the basis of some type of behavior, the relationship established between the denoted qualities and the behavior itself is not uniform and the differences in this relationship are reflected in syntax. On the basis of these differences, we can distinguish at least three semantic types of behavior evaluation nouns : two already established noun classes corresponding to two BEA classes, represented respectively by amabilité ‘kindness’ and imprudence ‘carelessness’, and a separate semantic class linked to adjectives like courageux ‘courageous’. Indeed, on the one hand, there are nouns like amabilité ‘kindness’ or imprudence ‘carelessness’, which denote qualities in direct basic relation to actions and the evaluating subject does nothing else but infer them. On the other hand, there are nouns like courage ‘courage’, which denote qualities that despite their close relation to actions have autonomous existence and are considered as prior to actions.
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Katia Paykin, Fayssal Tayalati, Danièle Van de Velde. Les noms d’évaluation de comportement. Travaux de Linguistique : Revue Internationale de Linguistique Française, De Boeck Université, 2015, pp.43-74. ⟨10.3917/tl.071.0043 ⟩. ⟨hal-01532849⟩



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