Genome-Wide Association Study of Acute Renal Graft Rejection.

L. Ghisdal 1 C. Baron 2 Y. Lebranchu 2 O. Viklický 3 A. Konarikova 3 M Naesens 4 D. Kuypers 5 M Dinic 6 E. Alamartine 6 G. Touchard 7 T. Antoine 8 M Essig J. Rerolle P. Merville J. Taupin 9 Yves Le Meur 10, 11 A. Grall-Jezequel 12, 11 F. Glowacki 13, 14 C. Noël 15 C. Legendre 16 D Anglicheau 17 N. Broeders 1 W. Coppieters 18 E. Docampo 18 Mathias Georges 19 Z. Ajarchouh 20 A. Massart 1 J Racapé 21 D Abramowicz 22 M Abramowicz 20, 23
Abstract : Acute renal rejection is a major risk factor for chronic allograft dysfunction and long-term graft loss. We performed a genome-wide association study to detect loci associated with biopsy-proven acute T cell-mediated rejection occurring in the first year after renal transplantation. In a discovery cohort of 4127 European renal allograft recipients transplanted in eight European centers, we used a DNA pooling approach to compare 275 cases and 503 controls. In an independent replication cohort of 2765 patients transplanted in two European countries, we identified 313 cases and 531 controls, in whom we genotyped individually the most significant single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from the discovery cohort. In the discovery cohort, we found five candidate loci tagged by a number of contiguous SNPs (more than five) that was never reached in iterative in silico permutations of our experimental data. In the replication cohort, two loci remained significantly associated with acute rejection in both univariate and multivariate analysis. One locus encompasses PTPRO, coding for a receptor-type tyrosine kinase essential for B cell receptor signaling. The other locus involves ciliary gene CCDC67, in line with the emerging concept of a shared building design between the immune synapse and the primary cilium.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 30, 2017 - 3:11:36 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 13, 2019 - 11:50:04 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01529321, version 1
  • PUBMED : 27272414

Citation

L. Ghisdal, C. Baron, Y. Lebranchu, O. Viklický, A. Konarikova, et al.. Genome-Wide Association Study of Acute Renal Graft Rejection.. American Journal of Transplantation, Wiley, 2017, 17 (1), pp.201-209. ⟨hal-01529321⟩

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