La Méditerranée, une zone de non-droit pour les boat-people ?

Abstract : According to official figures, more than 3 000 migrants died in 2015, while attempting to cross Aegean or Mediterranean Seas and reach European Union member states. Up until now, the latter with the support of Frontex, European Union Agency, have tried to prevent migrants from arriving onto the EU territory, namely through pre-frontier detection and push-backs operations. Despite the legal obligation to render assistance to people in distress at sea enshrined in different international conventions, EU member states often fail to intervene. The left-to-die boat situation is one of the rarest cases in which complaints for non-assistance to migrants in distress at sea were lodged in several EU countries. It shows how difficult it is to demand accountability for deaths at sea and make rights at sea prevail over restrictive migration policies. Moreover, preventing migrants to access EU territory is contrary to the legal channel of free navigation under the UNCLOS Convention. Criminalizing migrants restrict this channel of free movement.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 19, 2017 - 3:51:50 PM
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Claire Saas. La Méditerranée, une zone de non-droit pour les boat-people ?. Patrick Chaumette ESPACES MARINS : SURVEILLANCE ET PRÉVENTION DES TRAFICS ILLICITES EN MER, GOMYLEX, pp.179-193, 2016, ESPACES MARINS : SURVEILLANCE ET PRÉVENTION DES TRAFICS ILLICITES EN MER, 978-84-15176-72-5. ⟨http://gomylex.com⟩. ⟨hal-01525202⟩

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