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Single-etch subwavelength engineered fiber-chip grating couplers for 1.3 µm datacom wavelength band

Abstract : We report, for the first time, on the design and experimental demonstration of fiber-chip surface grating couplers based on subwavelength grating engineered nanostructure operating in the low fiber chromatic dispersion window (around 1.3 μm wavelengths), which is of great interest for short-reach data communication applications. Our coupler designs meet the minimum feature size requirements of large-volume deep-ultraviolet stepper lithography processes. The fiber-chip couplers are implemented in a standard 220-nm-thick silicon-on-insulator (SOI) platform and are fabricated by using a single etch process. Several types of couplers are presented, specifically the uniform, the apodized, and the focusing designs. The measured peak coupling efficiency is −2.5 dB (56%) near the central wavelength of 1.3 μm. In addition, by utilizing the technique of the backside substrate metallization underneath the grating couplers, the coupling efficiency of up to −0.5 dB (89%) is predicted by Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) calculations.
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D Benedikovic, C Alonso-Ramos, P Cheben, J Schmid, S Wang, et al.. Single-etch subwavelength engineered fiber-chip grating couplers for 1.3 µm datacom wavelength band. Optics Express, Optical Society of America - OSA Publishing, 2016, 24, pp.12893. ⟨10.1364/OE.24.012893⟩. ⟨hal-01523518⟩

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