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Dental pulp as a source of low-contaminated DNA

Abstract : The in-laboratory contamination of the ancient samples hinders the result interpretation of the investigations in the field of paleomicrobiology. We had promoted the dental pulp as a sample that limits the risks of in-laboratory contamination of the ancient material. In this work, we measured the contamination of the dental pulp manipulated according to paleomicrobiology protocol, used as a source of a total DNA for metagenomics. First, total DNA extracted from two dog canines was sequenced using next generation sequencing. This yielded a total of 487,828 trimmed reads with a length of 227 +/- 35 bp. Sequence analysis of the final dataset using Blast algorithm search and stringent thresholds for sequence identity and coverage against a database including both Canis lupus familiaris and Homo sapiens complete genomes showed that 95% of reads were assigned to C familiaris whereas 0.03% was assigned to H. sapiens. In a second step, two teeth collected from two 12th century mammals were manipulated following the same protocol. A total of 13,890 trimmed reads with a 157 +/- 67 bp length yielded 0-0.35% reads assigned to H. sapiens. This study indicates that the dental pulp is a useful for detecting the significant nucleic sequences in both modern and ancient samples. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Contributor : Isabelle Combe <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 11, 2017 - 3:37:29 PM
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Michel Drancourt, Gerard Aboudharam, Olivier Croce, Fabrice Armougom, Catherine Robert, et al.. Dental pulp as a source of low-contaminated DNA. Microbial Pathogenesis, Elsevier, 2017, 105, pp.63-67. ⟨10.1016/j.micpath.2017.02.007⟩. ⟨hal-01521247⟩



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