Neogene felsic volcanic rocks in the Hoggar province: volcanology, geochemistry and age of the Azrou trachyte-phonolite association (Algerian Sahara)

Abstract : The Azrou volcanic district, located to the south-east to the Atakor district in the Hoggar, has a landscape is governed by a number of felsic volcanic highs and dissected mafic plateau lavas. Our new Rb-Sr age (i.e. 23.1 ± 1.6 Ma) indicates that the Azrou felsic lavas are contemporaneous with the Achkal ring complexes (Anahef region). The Azrou felsic lavas (mainly trachyte and phonolite) show remarkably homogeneous compositions both in major elements (57.5 ≤ SiO2≤ 63.1 wt%; 10.8 ≤(Na2O + K2O)≤12.4 wt%), trace elements (33.2 ≤ Th ≤ 107 ppm; 170 ≤ La≤472 ppm; 8.7<(La/Yb)N < 27.3) and radiogenic isotopes (0.703359 < 87Sr/86Sr < 0.706539; 0.512727 <143Nd/144Nd < 0.512925; 2<εNd <5.84. These data indicate that the lavas have been only very weakly contaminated by the Precambrian basement. Geodynamically, this genesis coupled with the low volume of both trachytic and phonolitic trends implies the reworking of pre-existing shear-zones allowing the rapid ascent of these small batches of magmas. This is in agreement with the general model of linear delamination along these shear zones due to the Africa-Europe convergence developed by Liégeois et al. (2005) and recently imaged by the magneto-telluric investigation of Bouzid et al. (2015).
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Journal of African Earth Sciences, Elsevier, 2017, pp.127:222-234 (IF 1,326)
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Soumis le : mercredi 3 mai 2017 - 16:28:25
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:26:04

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R. Ben El Khaznadji, A. Azzouni-Sekkal, A. Benhallou, J.P. Liegeois, B. Bonin. Neogene felsic volcanic rocks in the Hoggar province: volcanology, geochemistry and age of the Azrou trachyte-phonolite association (Algerian Sahara). Journal of African Earth Sciences, Elsevier, 2017, pp.127:222-234 (IF 1,326). 〈hal-01517810〉

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