Impurity-Governed Modification of Optical and Structural Properties of ZrO 2 -Based Composites Doped with Cu and Y

Abstract : The influence of calcination temperature on copper spatial localization in Y-stabilized ZrO 2 powders was studied by attenuated total reflection, diffuse reflectance, electron paramagnetic resonance, transmission electron microscopy, electron energy loss, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopies. It was found that calcination temperature rise in the range of 500–700 °C caused the increase of copper concentration in the volume of ZrO 2 nanocrystals. This increase was due to Cu in-diffusion from surface complexes that contained copper ions linked with either water molecules or OH groups. This copper in-diffusion led also to an enhancement of absorption band peaked at ~270 nm that was ascribed to the formation of additional oxygen vacancies in nanocrystal volume. Further increasing of calcination temperature from 800 up to 1000 °C resulted in outward Cu diffusion accompanied by a decrease of the intensity of the 270-nm absorption band (i.e., oxygen vacancies' number), the transformation of ZrO 2 tetragonal (cubic) phase to monoclinic one as well as the enhancement of absorption band of dispersed and crystalline CuO in the 600–900 nm range.
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N Korsunska, M Baran, V Vorona, V Nosenko, L Lavoryk, et al.. Impurity-Governed Modification of Optical and Structural Properties of ZrO 2 -Based Composites Doped with Cu and Y. Nanoscale Research Letters, SpringerOpen, 2017, pp.157. ⟨10.1186/s11671-017-1920-4⟩. ⟨hal-01517548⟩

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