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Ce que les corpus pourraient apporter aux grammaires et/ou aux dictionnaires : l’exemple de contre et même

Abstract : While corpora play a major role in contemporary linguistic studies, the underlying implications of using such collections of data are very important, and the issue of representativeness remains largely unquestioned. Thus, many available tools and databases (such as the Trésor de la Langue Française (TLF) and grammars) continue to confine their descriptions to what are basically written, literary usages. However, concerning syntactic description, recourse to different corpora representing different genres (spoken, written, literary, newspaper, technical, life stories, etc.) appears to be all important in providing a fuller description, more akin to dealing with certain variable elements (cf. the distinction between corpus-driven and corpus-based – Tognini-Bonelli, 2001). As a basis for our discussion, we look at the forms contre and même, showing how existing descriptions (in grammars and dictionaries) fall short of what can be found from exploring authentic corpus data.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 20, 2017 - 3:53:36 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 5:57:51 AM
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Mireille Bilger, Paul Cappeau. Ce que les corpus pourraient apporter aux grammaires et/ou aux dictionnaires : l’exemple de contre et même. Dossiers d'HEL, SHESL, 2017, Analyse et exploitation des données de corpus linguistiques, pp.41-51. ⟨hal-01511249⟩

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