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Need of systemic approach to analyze crop-livestock integration in family farming

Abstract : Agriculture is represented by a majority of familial small-scale mixed farming systems, which produce half of the world food. These mixed farming systems are characterized by croplivestock integration which seems to be determinant to agro-ecological performances of these systems. Many studies deal with crop-livestock integration practices even if their systemic analyses stay partially treated in the literature. Systemic approach allows us to understand relationships between farming system components and its environment. In this article, we propose to illustrate the need of systemic approach to analyze crop-livestock integration. To illustrate it, we based our study on a whole farm approach analyze of two real case studies located in Oriental Amazonia (Paragominas, Pará, Brazil). Results suggest that crop-livestock integration practices differ across subsystems, in function of allocation of production factors and farmers strategy. Finally, we show that crop-livestock integration could be fully understood only through a systemic approach; analyzing the relationship between farming system and its environment components.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01506365
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 12, 2017 - 10:00:43 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 8, 2021 - 4:26:43 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01506365, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 280925

Citation

Fabien Stark, Michael Kessler, Livia Navegantes, René Poccard-Chapuis, Charles-Henri Moulin. Need of systemic approach to analyze crop-livestock integration in family farming. 5. Congresso da sociedade Brasileira de sistemas de producao, May 2014, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil. 5 p. ⟨hal-01506365⟩

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